Climate change adaptation
The water industry is at the forefront of climate change. All the main impacts – temperature change, more intense rainfall, changing rainfall patterns, and sea level rises – directly affect water company activities.
Some of the impacts are obvious - more frequent and severe droughts and floods, for example. Others are more subtle, such as saline intrusion into groundwater sources, changes to peak demand, and lower dilution of discharges to watercourses in times of drought, which require higher levels of treatment and the associated extra energy use.
For these reasons, the long-term goals of the water sector include continuous adaptation to climate change and reducing the industry's carbon footprint.